Alcohol abuse and its risks

About alcohol abuse

Knowing about alcohol abuse is crucial because it helps individuals understand the risks associated with excessive drinking. Alcohol abuse can lead to a wide range of physical and mental health problems, including liver damage, heart disease, and cognitive impairment. Additionally, alcohol abuse can increase the risk of accidents and injuries, such as car crashes and falls. Knowing about the signs and symptoms of alcohol abuse can also help individuals identify when they or someone they know may need help. Finally, understanding the impact of alcohol abuse on families and communities can help raise awareness and promote responsible drinking behavior. Overall, knowing about alcohol abuse is essential for promoting health and well-being and reducing the negative consequences of excessive drinking.

Facts: How much is too much

Based on the most recent international research data, moderate alcohol consumption is defined as up to one standard drink per day for women and up to two standard drinks per day for men. A standard drink typically contains 14 grams of pure alcohol, which is equivalent to a 12-ounce beer, a 5-ounce glass of wine, or a 1.5-ounce shot of liquor. However, it is important to note that these guidelines are intended for healthy adults and may not apply to individuals with certain health conditions or who are taking certain medications. Furthermore, the risks associated with alcohol consumption increase with higher levels of drinking, and binge drinking (defined as consuming four or more drinks on a single occasion for women or five or more drinks for men) is associated with a wide range of negative health outcomes. It is always important to consume alcohol in moderation and to be aware of the risks associated with excessive drinking.

Alcohol abuse and risks of addiction

Alcohol abuse is a serious problem that affects millions of people worldwide, including Canada. According to a report by the Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction (CCSA), alcohol is the most commonly used substance in Canada. The report also states that in 2018, 3.3 million Canadians aged 15 years and older reported heavy drinking, which is defined as consuming five or more drinks on a single occasion at least once a month.

One of the biggest risks associated with alcohol abuse is the development of addiction. Research has shown that genetic, environmental, and individual factors can contribute to the risk of developing alcohol addiction. A study conducted by the CCSA found that 21% of Canadians who reported heavy drinking met the criteria for alcohol dependence, indicating a high risk of addiction.

Alcohol addiction can have a significant impact on a person’s physical, mental, and social well-being. Long-term alcohol abuse can lead to liver damage, heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, and cancer. It can also increase the risk of accidents and injuries, such as falls, burns, and car crashes. Furthermore, alcohol addiction can lead to cognitive impairment, memory loss, and other mental health issues.


We are here to help

It is essential to seek help as soon as possible if you or someone you know is struggling with alcohol addiction. Treatment typically involves a combination of medication, therapy, and support groups. However, only a small percentage of Canadians who need help for alcohol addiction actually receive treatment. The CCSA report found that only 10% of Canadians who reported heavy drinking received treatment for alcohol dependence.

Prevention is also a crucial aspect of addressing alcohol abuse and addiction. Parents, schools, and communities can play a critical role in preventing alcohol abuse by educating young people about the risks of excessive drinking and promoting responsible alcohol use. The CCSA report also recommends increasing access to treatment and support services for those struggling with alcohol addiction.

In conclusion, alcohol abuse and addiction are serious issues that can have a significant impact on a person’s physical, mental, and social well-being. The risk of addiction is high for Canadians who report heavy drinking, highlighting the need for increased awareness and access to treatment and support services. Prevention is also crucial, and parents, schools, and communities can play a critical role in promoting responsible alcohol use and educating young people about the risks of excessive drinking. By working together, we can address the issue of alcohol abuse and addiction in Canada and help those who are struggling to find the support and treatment they need to recover.

Marital Conflict and Resolution

Marital conflict

Our Marital Conflict and Resolution Professionals are ready to help you with issues that may be impacting your relationship and interfering with your happiness.

Conflict in a marriage can arise from a multitude of factors, ranging from differences in values and expectations to communication breakdowns and unresolved emotional baggage. It can manifest in various ways, such as heated arguments, silent treatments, or passive-aggressive behaviors, often resulting in emotional distress, tension, and strain on the relationship. The underlying issues may include unmet needs, unresolved conflicts, and unexpressed emotions that can fester over time and create a rift between partners. If Marital Conflict is left unaddressed, marital conflict can have detrimental effects on the emotional well-being and stability of the relationship, highlighting the importance of effective communication, mutual respect, and willingness to work through challenges for a healthy and thriving marriage.

Reasons for marital conflict

There are many reasons why conflict can arise in a marriage. Here are some of the most common reasons for conflict in a marriage:

Communication problems

Poor communication is often at the root of conflicts in a marriage. If one or both partners are not effectively communicating their needs, feelings, and concerns, it can lead to misunderstandings and disagreements.

Differences in expectations

Each partner in a marriage may have different expectations about what their relationship should look like, how much time they should spend together, how they should handle finances, and so on. These differences can lead to conflict if they are not addressed and resolved.

Financial stress

Money is a common source of stress and conflict in a marriage. If one or both partners are struggling financially or have different attitudes toward money, it can lead to disagreements and tension.


Cheating or infidelity can cause a significant breach of trust in a marriage and can lead to feelings of anger, betrayal, and hurt.

Parenting disagreements

If partners have different ideas about how to raise their children, it can lead to disagreements about discipline, education, and other parenting issues.

Household responsibilities

Disagreements about household responsibilities, such as cleaning, cooking, and childcare, can lead to conflict if one partner feels overburdened or feels like the other is not doing their fair share.

Lack of intimacy

If one or both partners feel unsatisfied with the level of intimacy in their relationship, it can lead to feelings of resentment, frustration, and conflict.

These are just some of the many reasons why conflicts can arise in a marriage. It’s important to recognize that conflicts are a normal part of any relationship and that the key to resolving them is effective communication, compromise, and a willingness to work together toward a common goal

Mental illness impacts physical health

Mental illness affects physical health

Mental illness can manifest in physical symptoms such as headaches, stomachaches, muscle tension, and fatigue. These symptoms can be a result of anxiety, depression, or other mental health conditions. For example, people with depression may experience low energy levels, difficulty sleeping, and chronic pain. Those with anxiety may experience heart palpitations, sweating, and shortness of breath.
Mental illness can also lead to unhealthy behaviors that can negatively affect physical health. For example, people with depression may lose interest in activities they once enjoyed, leading to a sedentary lifestyle and weight gain. Those with anxiety may turn to alcohol or drugs to cope, leading to substance abuse and its associated health problems.
Furthermore, mental illness can impact the body’s immune system, leaving individuals more susceptible to infections and other illnesses. Chronic stress, often associated with mental illness, can also contribute to inflammation in the body, which can lead to chronic illnesses such as heart disease, diabetes, and autoimmune disorders.

Here are some ways in which mental illness can affect physical health:

  1. Stress: Mental illness can cause chronic stress, which can lead to a number of physical health problems, such as high blood pressure, heart disease, and obesity.
  2. Sleep problems: Many mental illnesses can cause sleep disturbances, such as insomnia or hypersomnia, which can lead to fatigue, decreased immune function, and other physical health problems.
  3. Substance abuse: Some people with mental illness may turn to drugs or alcohol as a way to cope, which can have negative effects on physical health, such as liver damage, cardiovascular disease, and cancer.
  4. Poor self-care: Mental illness can make it difficult for individuals to care for themselves properly, which can lead to neglect of physical health, including poor nutrition, lack of exercise, and failure to seek medical care.
  5. Chronic pain: Some mental illnesses can cause physical symptoms, such as chronic pain, headaches, and gastrointestinal problems, which can further impact physical health and well-being.

It’s important to note that mental illness and physical health are interconnected, and treating one can improve the other. Seeking professional help and getting treatment for mental illness can help improve both mental and physical health.

Mental illness affects not only a person’s mental health but also their physical health. The two are interconnected, and one can have a significant impact on the other. Mental illness can cause physical symptoms, and physical illness can lead to mental health problems. In this article, we will explore how mental illness affects physical health and what can be done to prevent or manage these effects.

The importance of your mental health

In today’s fast-paced world, it can be easy to prioritize one’s physical health over one’s mental health. Many of us focus on maintaining a healthy diet, staying active, and getting enough sleep, but we often neglect the importance of taking care of our mental well-being. However, it is crucial to recognize that mental and physical health are equally important and interconnected. In this blog post, we will discuss why this is the case and why it is essential to prioritize both mental and physical health.

Firstly, mental and physical health are interconnected. Our mental health can affect our physical health, and our physical health can affect our mental health. For example, chronic physical conditions can lead to depression and anxiety, while mental health problems such as stress and anxiety can lead to physical symptoms such as headaches, muscle tension, and fatigue. Neglecting one’s mental health can have serious physical consequences, and neglecting one’s physical health can have serious mental consequences.

Secondly, mental health is just as important as physical health. Mental health affects every aspect of our lives, including our relationships, work, and overall quality of life. When we neglect our mental health, we can experience symptoms such as anxiety, depression, and stress, which can lead to difficulty functioning in our daily lives. Prioritizing our mental health can help us cope with the challenges of daily life and improve our overall well-being.

Thirdly, taking care of our physical health can also benefit our mental health. Exercise, for example, is not only good for our physical health but can also reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression. A healthy diet can also improve our mental well-being, as certain nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to improve brain function and reduce symptoms of depression. Getting enough sleep is also essential for our mental health, as lack of sleep can lead to anxiety and depression.

Finally, prioritizing both mental and physical health can lead to a better overall quality of life. When we take care of ourselves both physically and mentally, we are more likely to be able to enjoy our lives to the fullest. We are more likely to have the energy to pursue our passions, the ability to form and maintain meaningful relationships, and the resilience to cope with the challenges of life.

In conclusion, mental and physical health are equally important, and neglecting either can have serious consequences. Prioritizing both mental and physical health can lead to a better overall quality of life, improved well-being, and increased resilience in the face of life’s challenges. It is essential to recognize the interconnectedness of mental and physical health and to take care of ourselves in all aspects of our health and well-being.

Preventing and managing the effects of mental illness on physical health

There are several steps that individuals can take to prevent or manage the effects of mental illness on physical health. Here are some examples:

  1. Seek professional help: It’s essential to seek help from a mental health professional if you are experiencing symptoms of mental illness. A mental health professional can provide treatment, support, and guidance to manage symptoms and prevent their negative impact on physical health.

  2. Practice stress-reducing activities: Activities such as meditation, deep breathing exercises, and yoga can help reduce stress levels and improve physical health.

  3. Engage in regular exercise: Regular exercise is an excellent way to manage symptoms of mental illness while improving physical health. Exercise has been shown to reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety and improve overall physical health.

  4. Eat a balanced diet: Eating a balanced diet can help improve physical health while also managing symptoms of mental illness. A healthy diet can improve energy levels, reduce inflammation, and promote overall health.

  5. Avoid substance abuse: Avoiding alcohol and drug use can help prevent the negative impact of mental illness on physical health. Substance abuse can lead to chronic health problems and worsen mental health symptoms.

Mental illness and physical health are interconnected, and one can have a significant impact on the other. Mental illness can cause physical symptoms, and unhealthy behaviors, and weaken the body’s immune system, making individuals more susceptible to illnesses. 

However, there are steps individuals can take to prevent or manage the effects of mental illness on physical health, including seeking professional help, practicing stress-reducing activities, engaging in regular exercise, eating a balanced diet, and avoiding substance abuse. By taking care of both mental and physical health, individuals can improve their overall quality of life.

Challenges of children of addicted parents

Growing up with addicted parents

Growing up with addicted parents can be an incredibly difficult experience for children. Addiction can impact every aspect of a family’s life, from the emotional well-being of each family member to the practical aspects of day-to-day living. Children who grow up in households where addiction is present often face unique challenges that can affect their development and future.

One of the most significant challenges that children of addicted parents face is emotional instability. Addiction is often accompanied by mood swings, outbursts of anger, and unpredictable behavior. Children may never know what to expect from their parents, which can lead to feelings of anxiety, fear, and confusion. This can make it challenging for them to form healthy relationships in the future, as they may struggle to trust others or feel safe around them.

One of the most significant issues that these children face is anger management problems. Children living in households with addicted parents often experience a range of emotions, including fear, sadness, guilt, and anger. However, anger, in particular, can be a prevalent and disruptive emotion for these children.

Children who struggle with anger management issues may display it in the form of outbursts, temper tantrums, verbal or physical aggression, and even self-harm. These behaviors can create additional stress for the child and the family, exacerbating the challenges of living with addiction.


Children of addicted parents may also face the risk of neglect or abuse. Addiction can impair a parent’s judgment and decision-making abilities, making it difficult for them to prioritize their children’s needs. In extreme cases, addiction can lead to neglect or abuse of children, as parents may be too intoxicated or preoccupied to care for them properly. This can have lasting effects on a child’s mental health and well-being, leading to long-term trauma or even physical harm.They may be physically present but emotionally absent, leaving children feeling lonely, isolated, and confused

Addiction can lead to financial instability, as parents may struggle to hold down a job or prioritize their spending. This can mean that children may not have access to basic necessities like food, clothing, or housing. Additionally, addiction can make it challenging for parents to maintain consistent routines or schedules, leading to unpredictable home life.

Despite these challenges, it is essential to recognize that children of addicted parents can and do overcome these obstacles. With the right support and resources, they can build resilience and learn to cope with the challenges they face. This may include seeking out therapy or counseling to address the emotional impact of addiction, connecting with community resources for basic needs like food and shelter, or even finding a supportive network of friends or family members who can offer a stable and positive environment.

In addition to seeking out support, it is also crucial for children of addicted parents to practice self-care. This may involve setting boundaries with their parents or learning healthy coping mechanisms to manage stress and anxiety. It may also involve seeking out opportunities for personal growth and development, such as pursuing education or a career path that aligns with their interests and passions.

Growing up with addicted parents can be a challenging and traumatic experience for children, but it is not an insurmountable one. With the right support and resources, children can learn to overcome the challenges they face and build a fulfilling and happy life for themselves. By recognizing the impact of addiction on families and communities, we can work together to provide the support and resources necessary to help children of addicted parents thrive.

Boundaries in your relationship

Setting healthy boundaries in a relationship is a crucial step towards ensuring that both partners are happy and respected. Boundaries help to create a clear understanding of what is and isn’t acceptable in a relationship, and they can help prevent misunderstandings and hurt feelings. If you’re looking to set healthy boundaries in your relationship, here are some things to keep in mind.

What are the boundaries in a relationship?

Boundaries are the limits we set for ourselves in a relationship. These limits can be physical, emotional, or intellectual, and they help us to define our needs and values. Boundaries allow us to communicate our expectations to our partners and help us to feel safe and respected.
Examples of boundaries in a relationship might include:
• Refusing to engage in physical intimacy before a certain stage in the relationship
• Limiting the amount of time you spend with your partner’s family
• Asking for space when you need it
• Refusing to engage in arguments that are abusive or disrespectful

Why are boundaries important?

Boundaries are important because they help us to maintain a healthy sense of self within a relationship. They allow us to feel safe and respected, and they give us the freedom to express ourselves without fear of judgment or rejection. Without boundaries, it can be easy to lose sight of our own needs and desires, and we may find ourselves compromising our values or sacrificing our happiness for the sake of the relationship.

How to set healthy boundaries in a relationship

Identify your needs and values

The first step in setting healthy boundaries is to identify your needs and values. Ask yourself what is important to you in a relationship and what you need to feel happy and fulfilled. Be honest with yourself and don’t be afraid to set boundaries that may be unpopular or difficult for your partner to accept.

Communicate clearly

Once you have identified your needs and values, it’s important to communicate them clearly to your partner. Be specific about what you are and are not willing to tolerate in the relationship, and be prepared to listen to your partner’s concerns as well.

Be consistent

Consistency is key when it comes to setting boundaries. If you say that you are not comfortable with certain behavior, be consistent in enforcing that boundary. If you allow your partner to cross a boundary once, they may assume that it’s okay to do so again in the future.

Respect your partner’s boundaries

Setting healthy boundaries is a two-way street. Just as you expect your partner to respect your boundaries, you must also be willing to respect theirs. Be open to compromise and be willing to adjust your own boundaries if necessary.

Seek support

Setting boundaries can be difficult, especially if you are in a relationship with someone who is used to having their own way. If you are struggling to set healthy boundaries, consider seeking support from a therapist or counselor. They can provide you with the tools and resources you need to communicate effectively with your partner and maintain a healthy relationship.
In conclusion, setting healthy boundaries in a relationship is essential for maintaining a happy and fulfilling partnership. By identifying your needs and values, communicating clearly, being consistent, respecting your partner’s boundaries, and seeking support when necessary, you can create a relationship that is built on mutual respect and understanding.

Substance Abuse Toronto Treatment Centre


Relationship between grief and substance abuse 

     Our professional team at the Toronto treatment centre understands how grief and substance abuse can be related. For some people, substance abuse may be a way of coping with the pain and emotional distress of grief. This is particularly true for people who have lost someone close to them or have experienced a major life event, such as a divorce or job loss. Substance abuse can provide temporary relief from the intense feelings of sadness, loneliness, and hopelessness that often accompany grief.

(more…)Anger Management

Poor anger management can lead to the use of drugs, alcohol and other addictive substances

What is anger

You may think that anger management is only for the ones who yell and scream or destroy things.  Anger is an emotional response to triggers or events which make a person react in a positive or negative way.
Dealing with anger positively can be motivating. For example:

Channeling anger for change
Channeling anger towards change is a good anger management method
Anger affects mood
Managing anger helps live happier

How does anger affect us

Anger can be an instantaneous reaction to an event, or a buildup of unexpressed negative emotions experienced over time and stored within us. As we experience anger, our body releases the stress hormones that during a prolonged period of time can damage our physical and mental well-being.

Anger damages our brain

Stress hormones released from anger hurt our cognitive processes such as short-term memory, decision making, and judgement. As a result, when anger is not well-managed, we act inappropriately toward others by offending, assaulting or abusing them. We might take rushed decisions and possibly use drugs or abuse alcohol to calm us down. Anger can decrease our ability to focus in situations that require clear and quick responses such as driving. Manifesting anger can become a way of living an unhealthy and destructive life.

Angry driving
Anger takes attention from important decisions that could save your life
Anger affects children
Unmanaged anger impacts our loved ones in a negative way

Anger damages our heart

Anger can damage our heart in more than just a physical way by increasing our heart rate and blood pressure and causing other heart issues. It can also destroy relationships with our partners, family members, and friends and cause unnecessary issues and headaches in the work environment. Manifestation of anger in an unhealthy way can indeed have a negative impact on our children’s present and future as it creates an unsafe and threatening environment for their growth.

Talk to a healthcare professional

Often anger comes from underlying health issues. Depression, anxiety, alcohol abuse, drug use and other mental health conditions, as well as the inability to deal with everyday stresses, can make you feel irritable, overwhelmed, or even out of control. Don’t wait for things to get ugly. Take control of your anger and learn how to manage it. Get professional help and improve your life.

Life without anger
Take control of your anger, improve your life
Reduce the feeling of anger
Deal with stress the healthy way

Learn ways to deal with stress

Learn breathing exercises: deep breathing relaxes our mind and lowers the heart rate.
Stress control: yoga, meditation, dance and other activities are a great way to release stress in a positive way.
Take it easy: accept the others for who they are, think like “the bigger person” when someone does things that are not done “your way” and distant yourself from the situations you can’t change or fix.
Find new hobbies: explore new thing to do and interests that make you happy, content and give you a sense of fulfillment.

Coping with depression

Let’s look at the facts:

Our experienced professionals at the Toronto Treatment Centre can provide the right tools and coping skills to help you deal with depression and enjoy life again. We provide evidence-based treatments, including psychotherapy and other supportive services to help individuals cope with depression and improve their mental health.

Depression is a mood disorder that affects us mentally and physically: our feelings, thoughts, physical energy, coping with everyday issues, work, our environment and other people around us. With the right coping skills and support, individuals can effectively manage their depression and improve their mental health.


Signs of depression

Depression is a complex mental health condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It can manifest in various ways, and recognizing the signs of depression is crucial for early intervention and treatment. While everyone may experience depression differently, there are common signs that may indicate the presence of this condition. Understanding these signs can help individuals identify depression in themselves or others and seek appropriate support.

  1. Persistent Sadness or Low Mood: Feeling persistently sad, down, or experiencing a general low mood that lasts for an extended period of time, typically for two weeks or more, may be a sign of depression. This may manifest as feeling hopeless, empty, or tearful, even when there is no apparent reason for the sadness.

  2. Loss of Interest or Pleasure: Losing interest or pleasure in activities that were once enjoyable, such as hobbies, socializing, or even eating, can be a significant sign of depression. Individuals with depression may lose motivation and find it challenging to engage in activities that they once found pleasurable.

  3. Changes in Sleep Patterns: Significant changes in sleep patterns can be an indicator of depression. This can include insomnia (difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or waking up too early) or hypersomnia (excessive sleepiness, sleeping for long hours). Changes in sleep patterns can disrupt the body’s natural rhythm and contribute to feelings of fatigue and lethargy.

  4. Changes in Appetite or Weight: Significant changes in appetite or weight, either an increase or decrease, may be a sign of depression. Some individuals with depression may experience a decrease in appetite and unintentional weight loss, while others may have an increased appetite and experience weight gain. These changes can impact a person’s physical health and well-being.

  5. Fatigue or Loss of Energy: Feeling excessively tired or lacking energy, even with adequate rest, can be a sign of depression. Individuals with depression may experience persistent fatigue, reduced stamina, and a lack of motivation to engage in daily activities.

  6. Difficulty Concentrating or Making Decisions: Depression can affect cognitive function, leading to difficulty concentrating, making decisions, or remembering things. This can impact various areas of life, such as work, school, or personal relationships.

  7. Irritability or Agitation: While often overlooked, irritability or agitation can be a sign of depression. Some individuals with depression may express their distress through irritability, angry outbursts, or increased agitation.

  8. Feelings of Worthlessness or Guilt: Feeling a sense of worthlessness, guilt, or excessive self-blame can be indicative of depression. These feelings may be irrational or excessive, and individuals with depression may blame themselves for things that are not under their control or may feel worthless despite evidence to the contrary.

  9. Withdrawal from Social Activities: Losing interest in social activities, withdrawing from social interactions, or isolating oneself can be a sign of depression. Individuals with depression may prefer to be alone or may avoid activities and relationships that were once enjoyable.

  10. Thoughts of Death or Suicide: Persistent thoughts of death, dying, or suicide can be a serious sign of depression. Individuals with depression may express feelings of hopelessness, and the desire to end their lives may be a cry for help.

It’s important to note that not everyone with depression will experience all of these signs, and the severity and duration of symptoms can vary from person to person. However, if you or someone you know is experiencing several of these signs persistently, it may be indicative of depression, and it’s important to seek professional help from a qualified mental health professional.

Treatment for depression may include therapy, medication, lifestyle changes, and other supportive interventions. With appropriate support and intervention, individuals with depression can manage their symptoms and improve their mental health and well-being. Remember, reaching out for help is a courageous step and our team at Toronto Treatment Centre is ready to support you.

Types of depression

Depression is a mental illness that debilitates a person from normal functioning, mentally and physically, on a daily bases. Depression is a complex mental health condition that can manifest in different ways. There are several types of depression, each with its unique features and characteristics.

 Understanding these types of depression can help individuals and healthcare professionals identify the specific type of depression and tailor appropriate treatment approaches.
  • Major Depressive Disorder (MDD): Also known as clinical depression, major depressive disorder is the most common type of depression. It is characterized by persistent and severe depressive symptoms that interfere with an individual’s daily life. Symptoms may include persistent sadness, loss of interest in activities, changes in appetite or sleep patterns, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, and even thoughts of death or suicide.

  • Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD): Formerly known as dysthymia, persistent depressive disorder is a chronic form of depression characterized by persistent low mood for at least two years. People with PDD may experience similar symptoms as MDD, but they may be less severe. However, the persistent nature of PDD can have a significant impact on a person’s quality of life.

  • Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD): SAD is a type of depression that occurs during certain seasons, typically in the fall or winter when there is less sunlight. It is characterized by depressive symptoms that recur annually during the same time of the year and may include changes in appetite, sleep patterns, and energy levels.

  • Postpartum Depression (PPD): PPD is a type of depression that occurs after childbirth. It is estimated that 10-15% of new mothers experience PPD, which can manifest as mood swings, irritability, changes in appetite or sleep patterns, difficulty bonding with the baby, and feelings of guilt or worthlessness.

  • Bipolar Disorder: Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a mood disorder characterized by episodes of extreme mood swings between periods of depression and mania. Manic episodes may involve increased energy, impulsive behavior, elevated mood, and decreased need for sleep, while depressive episodes may involve similar symptoms as MDD.

  • Psychotic Depression: Psychotic depression is a type of depression that includes symptoms of severe depression along with psychotic symptoms, such as delusions or hallucinations. Individuals with psychotic depression may have difficulty distinguishing reality from delusions or may experience auditory or visual hallucinations that are related to their depressive symptoms.

It’s important to note that these types of depression are not mutually exclusive, and individuals may experience a combination of different types or subtypes of depression. Each type of depression requires a unique treatment approach, which may include therapy, medication, lifestyle changes, and other supportive interventions.


Depression as a mental health disorder is treatable. The first step toward treatment is to contact a healthcare professional who can discuss with you the different types of treatments and help you connect with other team members. Treatments may include medication, psychotherapy, counselling, recreational therapy and nutritional therapy. Our Toronto Treatment Centre provides a safe and supportive environment for individuals to receive intensive treatment and develop coping skills to manage their depression.

signs of depression

Select your environment

In addition to professional help and treatment centers, it’s important for individuals with depression to reach out for support from loved ones. Social support can be a valuable coping skill, as it provides a sense of connection, understanding, and validation. Talking to trusted friends or family members about one’s feelings and experiences can help individuals feel less isolated and more supported in their journey to cope with depression. 

Understanding the Risk Factors

Understanding these risk factors can help individuals and healthcare professionals identify those who may be at higher risk and take proactive steps to prevent or manage depression.

  1. Genetic Factors: Research suggests that genetics play a role in the development of depression. If you have a family history of depression, you may be at a higher risk of developing the condition. Studies have found that individuals with a first-degree relative, such as a parent or sibling, who has experienced depression, are two to three times more likely to develop depression themselves.

  2. Neurochemical Imbalances: Chemical imbalances in the brain, specifically involving serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine, have been linked to depression. These neurotransmitters play a role in regulating mood, and an imbalance in their levels can contribute to the development of depression.

  3. Environmental Factors: Environmental factors, such as stressful life events, trauma, or a history of abuse, can increase the risk of developing depression. Chronic stress, loss of a loved one, relationship problems, financial difficulties, or work-related stress can all contribute to the onset of depression.

  4. Personal Factors: Certain personality traits may also be risk factors for depression. For example, individuals who have low self-esteem, pessimistic thinking patterns, or a history of negative life events may be more susceptible to depression. Additionally, individuals with a history of anxiety, eating disorders, or other mental health conditions may also be at an increased risk of developing depression.

  5. Gender: Studies have found that gender can also be a risk factor for depression. Women are about twice as likely as men to be diagnosed with depression. Hormonal changes during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause, as well as social and cultural factors, may contribute to the increased risk of depression in women.

  6. Chronic Medical Conditions: Certain chronic medical conditions, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and chronic pain, have been linked to an increased risk of developing depression. The stress and challenges of managing a chronic illness can take a toll on a person’s mental health, contributing to the development of depression.

  7. Substance Abuse: Substance abuse, including alcohol and drug abuse, can also be a risk factor for depression. Substance abuse can disrupt brain chemistry, exacerbate depressive symptoms, and increase the risk of developing depression.

If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of depression, it’s crucial to seek professional help. A qualified mental health professional can provide an accurate diagnosis and develop a treatment plan tailored to the specific type of depression. With appropriate treatment and support, individuals with depression can manage their symptoms and improve their mental health and well-being.

Remember, seeking help is a sign of strength, and there is hope for recovery from depression.

Should you quit smoking weed? Here’s what to expect.

Facts about marijuana use

More than 6.2 million Canadians have used weed, and many have become dependent on it. But, should you quit smoking weed? Weed products are known for their addictive properties and it is the second most used mind-altering substance in North America. Many have the impression that we can’t become addicted to weed. However, the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) considers marijuana an addictive substance that contributes to mental health disorders. Psychological dependence is very much possible in which one’s body and brain adapt to marijuana, as it changes the natural ways the brain works, negatively altering its baseline state.

smoking weed

What is withdrawal from marijuana like?

Withdrawal typically starts 1-2 days after you quit, and symptoms may include nausea, headaches, depressed mood, trouble sleeping, nervousness, increased anxiety, decreased appetite, and troubling dreams. The way you experience symptoms depends on how often and how much you consumed before quitting. Chronic cannabis users may also experience long-term health problems. 

Having an addiction or dependence on marijuana can lead to effects even when not in withdrawal. THC can cause cognitive impairment, diminished coordination, a slower reaction time, and paranoia. The THC in weed affects dopamine, which leads to euphoria, pain modulation and anxiety. The more weed you consume, the harder it becomes to quit. Abuse of weed can make new things feel boring to you, ruining the novelties of life. Newer studies show that too much marijuana use during adolescence can cause brain long-term damage.

Addiction affects all parts of life negatively. But, quitting smoking weed on your own can be difficult, and many don’t succeed. It’s easy to get discouraged. Thankfully, there are many ways to treat this addiction and help you quit. This is facilitated with behavioural treatments and medical supervision.

Are you or someone you know struggling with an addiction to marijuana? Please contact us, we can help.